M.A.T.H. Workshop makes differentiating instruction seamless. If you want to learn more about the framework for M.A.T.H. Workshop, please read this post first.

### What Happens During The At Your Seat Rotation

As students work through their M.A.T.H. rotations, they have the opportunity to work on activities that are just right for them. One of the rotations where personalized learning can be maximized is the At Your Seat rotation. During this rotation, students complete a variety of differentiated independent math activities at their seat, or in a place where they can focus around the room.

At the beginning of a new unit of study, At Your Seat activities can mainly be a review of skills introduced during the previous unit. As the unit goes on, more of these activities should be related to skills from the current unit. This boosts student success, and provides opportunities for enrichment and deeper understanding. Also keep in mind, the At Your Seat activities used to review and reinforce skills from the previous unit of study are perfect forms of assessment.

Here are five ideas for practice activities you might have your students engage in during the At Your Seat rotation of M.A.T.H. Workshop.

### Computation Checks

Give your student practice with calculating basic operations, and solving equations that are directly related to the mini lesson taught that day.

In my classroom, the practice books provided by our math adoption, EnVision, are used for computation checks. During the At Your Seat rotation, students spend the first five-or-so minutes completing a computation check.

They then check their work for accuracy by peeking at the answer key I have available near my small group area. On days when I am mingling around the room to have one-on-one needs-based conferences, students know they can come have their computation check looked over by me for accuracy. In this case, I record their level of understanding on my M.A.T.H. Workshop Data Tracking Sheet based on our Levels of Understanding rubric.

### Problem Solving Tasks

Give your students practice with solving complex problems that incorporate the skills they’ve learned.

Rather than giving students more routine computation practice, focus on providing them with tasks that require the transfer of skills they have learned to demonstrate a deeper understanding. In my classroom, we use Problem Solving Task Cards, which are specifically designed to help students apply math concepts to solve complex word problems. Each task requires students to utilize problem solving, reasoning, critical thinking, and precise modeling skills.

Problem solving tasks are a wonderful way to differentiate At Your Seat activities. Providing a selection of task cards to choose from boosts student independence, and engagement. Try incorporating a challenge option each day for students who are interested in applying what they know to solve more advanced, complex problems.

In addition to providing different problems to choose from, you can also differentiate Problem Solving Tasks by providing students with different tools for recording their answers. Some students may need a formatted recording sheet with a step-by-step checklist to walk them through solving complex problems. Others may benefit from a formatted recording sheet without a checklist, while some advanced students may feel comfortable with recording a detailed model and explanation on a blank journal page.

If you are interested in a free tool to support students in breaking down the problem solving process, you can grab my Problem Solving Posters and Flip Book by subscribing to this blog.

### Performance Tasks

Give your students the opportunity to apply a variety of math skills to solve multi-step problems that connect to real world situations.

You may want to think of Performance Tasks as mini projects that can be completed in one or two At Your Seat Sessions. You can differentiate your Performance Tasks by having students work independently, with their Math Triads, or with a group or partner assigned specifically for the duration of that task.

### Project Based Learning

Give your students the opportunity to engage in long-term projects that incorporate math skills alongside cross-curricular skills.

When selecting or designing a math project, take time to think about how your math unit can connect to the other content you will be teaching at that time. Science and social studies content works well with math, so I always suggest using those as a foundation for project inspiration.

For example, when I taught second grade, we studied adaptations & life cycles at the same time we learned about place value. Therefore, it made sense to design a project that combined those two units of study (Place Value In The Wild). Later in the year, our social studies unit about geography, mapping, and coordinate grids coincided with our arrays & multiplication unit, so we designed an arrays mapping project. At the end of the school year, students can’t help but daydream about life outside the classroom. This makes it the perfect time of year to do a telling time project that requires students to plan out a schedule for the day of their dreams, and write about all the details of their very special day (Time of Your Life).

Taking the time to think about student interests and student mindset will spark creative ideas in you that help to design engaging projects for your students.

### Math Journaling

Give your students time to write about their math understanding.

Math journaling can take many forms. Here is a short list of ideas to inspire you.

- Show how to solve a problem multiple ways.
- Write your own problem.
- Explain how you solved a problem.
- Explain how you know your solution is accurate.
- Analyze someone else’s work, and explain how they solved a problem.
- Reflect on personal growth and needs in math learning.
- Record personal feelings about math in general, or a specific math topic.
- Brainstorm how to use a particular math skill in real life.
- Make a claim about the most important thing learned that day/week/unit.
- Create a thinking map to show what you know about a topic.

### At Your Seat Assessment Data

All the activities above can be used as assessments of student growth and understanding. Providing students with high quality, rigorous At Your Seat activities makes incorporating assessments seamless, and reduces the need for lengthy end-of-unit assessments. For more detail about assessing student understanding and tracking data during M.A.T.H. Workshop, read this post.

If you have other ideas for unique and rigorous At Your Seat Activities, or questions about the At Your Seat rotation of M.A.T.H. Workshop, please share your thoughts in the comments below.

### Ready To Give M.A.T.H. Workshop A Try?

For more details about each component of M.A.T.H. Workshop, check out my other posts about this instructional approach:

- Differentiate Instruction with M.A.T.H. Workshop
- 3 Approaches To Formatting Lessons for M.A.T.H. Workshop
- How To Organize Small Groups for M.A.T.H. Workshop
- 5 Steps To Efficient Data Tracking: M.A.T.H. Workshop Meet with the Teacher
- How To Boost Student Independence With Math Triads
- Top 5 Ideas for M.A.T.H. Workshop At Your Seat

If you want to give M.A.T.H. Workshop a test drive in your own classroom, grab your M.A.T.H. Workshop Starter Kit, and feel free to share any questions you have about implementation in the comments below.

### Check Out Other Smashing Strategies For Guided Math

Karen Freemantle says

Hi Laura,

I am so grateful for the creativity and time you put into your products and explanations. My family might be even more grateful! 🙂 I am using your workshop model and LOVE it. Wondering…..no…. hoping, that you are developing a set of task cards for 4th grade? I think your PBL tasks will be just fine, right?

Laura Santos says

Thank you Karen! I have been asked several times about fourth grade task cards. I am considering it, but have several third grade projects in line before I begin developing fourth grade content. 🙂 The PBL units can certainly be used for fourth graders.

Warmly,

Laura

Elizabeth James says

I just want to say that I discovered your blog this summer and have found so many helpful tools and resources!! My team mate and I are interested in using your task cards during our math rotations in second grade. Do your students have a certain amount of task cards they need to complete each day/week? We were thinking of having students do task cards when they are done with the workbook page from our series.

Laura Santos says

Hi Elizabeth, this is exactly what I do in my classroom when students are working at their seat – workbook page from our series, then on to task cards. Therefore they have about 10 minutes to work on task cards each day. The tasks do take quite a bit of time to complete. At the beginning of the year, I have them submit one per week and boost it up to two by mid year, then three by end of year. I hope this is helpful. 🙂

Warmly,

Laura

Dee says

Hi there, I need some help on how to teach primary students on probability.

Laura Santos says

Hi Dee,

Thank you for reaching out. What grade level do you teach?

Laura

Cheryl Rothman says

I would like to try this framework to help me differentiate instruction, but I’m having trouble understanding when (in the workshop) do the students actually practice (like a workbook page) what they just learned in the mini-lesson and when is this skill differentiated? (Do you use formative assessments?) Also, what do you do on Fridays in math? I notice that is not on your chart. Thanks for your help!

Laura Santos says

Hi Cheryl, The students practice their skill using a workbook page during the At Your Seat rotation. This is the first thing they do when they work at their seat as a “must do”. All the other at your seat options introduced in this post at “may do” options. The workbook page from our math adoption is not differentiated – the way I differentiate this portion of workshop is by meeting with a small group as they work on the page, a having one-on-one conference while a student works on a problem, or adjusting the number of problems a student is asked to complete.

This page, along with all the other work being done during workshop rotations falls into my formative assessment category. It would be quite an undertaking to track every single activity students do during workshop each day, so I select one activity per day to record as an actual formative assessment score.

Last year, I was not able to have workshop on Fridays due to schedule conflicts with our specials.

Thank you for reaching out!

Warmly,

Laura

Julie says

Is there any advice you can give me on “training” my kids on how to use M.A.T.H. Workshop rotations? How long do you take teach the procedures? What do you do to refocus students who are off task during “At Your Seat” time without it taking away from you and your small group/individual conferencing?

Laura Santos says

Hi Julie,

I do spend a great deal of time training my students so their independence level is strengthened….anywhere from a month to six weeks at the beginning of the year. I slowly introduce each rotation one at a time…beginning with at your seat, then moving to hands on, and finally to technology.

The longest amount of time is spent teaching how to be independent at your seat (we use the Math Partner Success Kit to help with this).

During this time, I don’t pull small groups very frequently because I work on monitoring on task behavior and take notes on the unique needs of my class to determine the types of behavior/routine lessons they need most during this time.

Although six weeks sounds like a lot of time not to meet with groups, this is the time of year when students are working on back to school routines and an easier math unit (addition and subtraction). I find dedicating this time at the beginning of the year helps us move fast and stay focused throughout the year.

I hope this is helpful. This year, I will take close notes about the process I follow and write a blog post about it. 🙂

Warmly,

Laura

Maegan says

I am so in love with how you run things! We are all going self contained next year and I have only taught in a team so I’m trying to get my head around 3rd grade math. You mentioned lots of different activities they can complete at the seat. Do you give them a schedule or assign them as specific task to complete during that section? And if I’m understanding your schedule correctly you have 2 rotations each day for math workshop? Thank you! I’m sure more questions to come 🙂

Laura Santos says

Hi Meagan, thank you for reaching out. 🙂 Yes, we have two rotations of workshop each day. During the at your seat rotation, I have students work through things in the following order:

1 – Computation Check (usually a few problems from the math workbook that comes from our math adoption)

2 – Project (if we are currently working on one) or Task Cards (if we do not currently have a project in progress)

Jennifer Barras says

How long did it take you to create all of the task cards and forms?

Laura Santos says

Hi Jennifer, each set takes me around 20 hours to create, so something like the year long third grade bundle has about 240 hours of work put into it. Are you interested in getting started with creating resources as well?

Bethany says

Wow! This is fantastic. I do a lot of conferring and small groups and I am so excited about using your ideas for collecting data during independent work. I love the computation checks! Our school also uses Envisions. Which section of the workbook do you use for your computation checks? Thank you for sharing all your great ideas!

Laura Santos says

Hi Bethany, thank you for taking the time to comment. I use the reteach page for computation checks.